Glossary of Terms and Phrases
Browser: The program that serves as your front end
to the World Wide Web on the Internet
Button: A simulated button on screen that is "pushed" by clicking it with
Click: In the instructions, click means the same as single click
Copy: To make an exact duplicate of the original, usually by highlighting
and using the Copy function in the Edit menu, or by using the Copy function in
the right-click menu
Cut: To remove an item from one place to another, or to delete an item
entirely; usually used with the Paste function
Desktop: The area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against
which icons and windows appear [syn: background, screen background]
Default setting: A setting that is selected automatically unless
an alternative is specified
Dialog box: A window displayed on screen in response to selecting some
menu option. It provides the user with the current status and available options
for a particular feature in the program. Dialog boxes can be small or large,
depending on the amount of information that must be conveyed.
Digitization: Conversion of an image, text, or signal into digital code
by scanning, tracing on a graphics tablet or using an analog to digital
Double click: Click twice the left-side button on your mouse
Drive: A piece of software that enables a computer to communicate with a
peripheral device. Examples include C (c:) drive for the computerís hard drive,
A: (a:) drive for the floppy disk drive, L (l:) drive for the EPC server, etc.
Drop-down menu: Also called a "pull-down menu" or "pop-down menu," the
common type of menu used with a graphical user interface (GUI).
A menu title is displayed that, when selected by clicking it, causes the menu
to drop down from that position and be displayed. Items are selected by
highlighting the line in the menu and either clicking it or letting go of the
Extensions: File types that are added to the end of DOS, Windows and OS/2
All programs and almost all data files use extensions, which are separated
from the file name with a dot. For example, LETTER.DOC is a Word document.
NOTEPAD.EXE is a text editor program that comes with Windows.
File type: The kind of file. All computer files are categorized by their
contents, such as program files, text files, image files and so on. (see also
HTML: Hypertext Markup Language--The document format used on the World
Wide Web. Web pages are built with HTML tags (codes) embedded in the text. HTML
defines the page layout, fonts and graphic elements as well as the hypertext
links to other documents on the Web.
Icon: In a graphical user interface (GUI), a small, pictorial, on-screen
representation of an object, such as a document, program, folder or disk drive.
Image: 1) Anything on a document page that is not text; examples include
pictures, maps, graphs, drawings, etc.
2) The picture produced on screen from a scanned document
JPEG (.jpg/.jpeg): Joint Photographic Expert Group--a
graphic image file used for web pages
Minimize: To hide an application that is currently displayed on screen;
the window is hidden and represented with an icon either on the desktop or in
Maximize: To enlarge a window to its full size, or to reopen a minimized
Parse: To convert from one format to another. The term is often used as a
substitute for the word "convert" when continuous strings of text are scanned to
find embedded format codes that must be changed.
Paste: After cutting or copying an item, use the Paste function to move
the item to its new location
Right click: Press once the right-side button on your mouse
Shortcut icon: In Windows, a shortcut is a pointer to a program or data
file. Shortcut icons can be placed on the desktop or stored in other folders.
Double clicking a shortcut is the same as double clicking the original file.
However, deleting a shortcut does not remove the original.
Single click: Press once the left-side button on your mouse
Special characters: Non-alphabetic or non-numeric characters, such as @,
#, $, %, &, * and +.
Text file (.txt): A file that contains data made up of ASCII characters.
It is essentially raw text just like the words youíre reading now. Each byte in
the file contains one character that conforms to the standard ASCII code.
TIFF: Tagged Image File Format--a graphic
image file format
Toolbar: A row or column of on-screen buttons used to activate functions
in the application. Some toolbars are customizable, letting you add and delete
buttons as required.
TXT: Text only document--text files become a common
denominator between applications that do not import each otherís formats (see "Text
Type: see "File type"
XML: Extensible Markup LanguageóIt is used for
defining data elements on a Web page. It uses a similar tag structure as HTML;
however, whereas HTML defines how elements are displayed, XML defines what those
elements contain. HTML uses predefined tags, but XML allows tags to be defined
by the developer of the page.
Unlike HTML, which uses a rather loose coding style and which is tolerant of
coding errors, XML pages have to be "well formed," which means they must comply
with rigid rules.
Zoning: In the scanning program, creating a box around the text or image
that needs to be OCR'd