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A five-day celebration in Okemah, the Woody Guthrie Folk Festival commemorates the birthday and life of one of Oklahoma's and America's eminent singer-songwriters. Woody Guthrie. Born on July 14, 1912, he gave a voice to many of the "okie" immigrants that abandoned not only Oklahoma but surrounding states, during the Great Depression. Guthrie died of Huntington's Disease on October 3, 1967, leaving a controversial but lasting legacy of such songs as "This Land is Your Land," "Oklahoma Hills," "Do Re Mi," and "The Ballad of Tom Joad."

Okemah, where Guthrie was born, initiated the tribute festival in July 1998, attracting musicians such as Guthrie's son Arlo Guthrie, Tom Paxton, Billy Bragg, Jimmy LaFave, Kevin Welch, and Ray Wylie Hubbard. Many of these artists return to perform at the annual event. Arlo Guthrie supported the festival after organizers assured him that admission would be free and that musicians would not be paid to play. Other renowned singers who have appeared at later events were Pete Seeger, Jackson Browne, Ramblin' Jack Elliot, Steve Young, and Arlo Guthrie's daughter, Sarah Lee Guthrie Irion.

Despite a few local residents' objections, citing Guthrie's alleged (but unproven) ties to the Communist Party, the festival, produced by the Woody Guthrie Coalition, has been successful, attracting music-lovers from around the world. During the event there are conferences on Huntington's disease as well as fund raising for medical research. Woody Guthrie also penned children's songs, and organizers have incorporated a children's fair, with many activities along with music.

Oklahoma has paid tribute to Guthrie in numerous ways since his 1967 death. In the early 1970s a Woody Guthrie Festival was held on the University of Oklahoma campus. Oklahoma City has hosted various tribute concerts. A 1979 event featured former Guthrie partner Sonny Terry. Beginning in the 1990s into the twenty-first century festivals have been held at venues throughout the city. Tulsa also has held Guthrie concerts, including a 1997 fund raiser at legendary Cain's Ballroom. In 1997 the Oklahoma Music Hall of Fame selected Guthrie for its first class of inductees, along with Merle Haggard, Patti Page, and Claude "Fiddler" Williams. In spring 2002 the Oklahoma Historical Society hosted This Land is Your Land: The Life and Legacy of Woody Guthrie, a traveling exhibit that had previously been displayed at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C.


BIBLIOGRAPHY: Daily Oklahoman (Oklahoma City), 9 July 1971, 23 July 1979, 19 April 1997, 16 July 1998, 17 July 1999, and 7 February 2003. Woody Guthrie, Bound for Glory (New York: E. P. Dutton & Co., 1943). Woody Guthrie, Seeds of Man: An Experience Lived and Dreamed (New York: E. P. Dutton & Co, 1976). Joe Klein, Woody Guthrie: A Life (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1980). Robert Santelli and Emily Davidson, eds., Hard Travelin': The Life and Legacy of Woody Guthrie (Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 1999).

Larry O'Dell

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