Born Wesley Studie on December 17, 1947, in Nofire Hollow, Oklahoma, Wes Studi (his stage name) came to the acting world rather late by most standards, not acting professionally until in his thirties. He attended Chilocco Indian Agricultural School, a government boarding school in northeastern Oklahoma provided for American Indians. Studi also served in the U.S. Army, spending eighteen months with the Ninth Division in the Delta area of South Vietnam. An American Indian activist in the 1970s, he joined the National Indian Youth Council, attended the 1972 Trail of Broken Treaties demonstration, and was arrested at the 1973 Wounded Knee demonstration. His initial experience in front of an audience was teaching his first language, Cherokee, at Rogers State College in Claremore.
In the 1980s he began seeking out local theater opportunities in Tulsa and parlayed those into his first film role, in Pow Wow Highway (1989). That began a series of yearly appearances in films through 2001. Known for his stern, handsome face and identifiable American Indian features, he portrayed the toughest Pawnee in Dances with Wolves (1990), an "Indian in the desert" in The Doors (1991), Magua in Last of the Mohicans (1992), and Chiricahua Apache leader Geronimo in Geronimo: An American Legend (1993). Other film roles included Street Fighter (1994), Lone Justice 2 (1995), the part of Red Cloud in the made-for-television movie Crazy Horse (1996), Wind River (1998), and Ice Planet (2001). Studi is also an accomplished stone carver, musician with the band Firecat of Discord, and author of two children's books. At the end of the twentieth century he lived in Santa Fe with his wife, Rebecca Graves, and their two children.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Leonard Maltin, Spencer Green, and Luke Sader, Leonard Maltin's Movie Encyclopedia (New York: Penguin Books, 1994). Ephraim Katz, Fred Klein, and Ronald Dean Nolen, The Film Encyclopedia (New York: HarperPerennial, 1998).
Hugh W. Foley, Jr.
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