KIRKPATRICK, JEANE JORDAN (1926-2006)
Jeane Jordan Kirkpatrick was born in Duncan, Oklahoma, on November 19, 1926, to oilman Welcher and Leona Jordan. The family moved to Illinois when Jeane was twelve years old. An avid reader as a child, Jeane Jordan had an intense desire for learning that continued throughout her life. She attended Stephens College in Missouri and Barnard College in New York. Although a variety of subjects interested her, she decided to major in political science. Following graduation from Barnard in 1948, she continued her education at Columbia University, receiving a master's degree in political science in 1950.
In 1951 Jeane Jordan accepted a position at the State Department in Washington, D.C., but soon left to take a fellowship at the University of Paris's Institute of Political Science. In 1953 she returned to the United States and worked at the Department of Defense. In 1955 she married Evron Kirkpatrick, whom she had met while working at the State Department. They had three sons: Douglas, John, and Stuart.
In 1962 Kirkpatrick began a career in higher education, serving as assistant professor of political science at Trinity College until 1967, when she became a faculty member in the political science department at Georgetown University. In 1968 she completed her dissertation, which examined the Peronist movement in Argentina, and received a doctorate in political science from Columbia University. In 1978 she was named Thomas and Dorothy Leavey University Professor at Georgetown University, a position she continued to hold at the turn of the twenty-first century.
A lifelong Democrat, Kirkpatrick worked in both state and national campaigns including Hubert Humphrey's 1972 presidential campaign. She grew increasingly dissatisfied, however, with the Democratic Party's liberal faction and in 1972 cofounded the Coalition for a Democratic Majority. Her conservative writings regarding U.S. foreign policy impressed Ronald Reagan, and during his 1980 presidential campaign she worked as his national security advisor. Upon Reagan's election, he appointed her as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, a position she held from 1981 to 1985. In 1986 she joined the Republican Party and returned to her teaching position at Georgetown University.
Kirkpatrick continued to speak publicly regarding U.S. foreign policy. During the 1996 Republican National Convention, she accused the administration of Pres. William J. Clinton of not maintaining the nation's military preparedness, arguing that Clinton allowed the United Nations to have control over United States troops. She also stated that he had sent American troops into dangerous areas where the United States had no national interests and then had not supported them with adequate arms, training, or intelligence information. She also contended that he had not provided funding for a missile defense system, while other countries were increasing their weaponry, including nuclear arsenals, thereby placing the United States and its allies at risk.
Kirkpatrick wrote several books, including Political Woman, The New Presidential Elite, and The Withering Away of the Totalitarian State. She received numerous awards including the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Hubert H. Humphrey Award. In 1982 Oklahoma honored Kirkpatrick by inducting her into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame. She died in Bethesda, Maryland, on December 7, 2006.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Paula K. Byers, ed., Encyclopedia of World Biography (2d ed.; Detroit, Mich.: Gale Research, 1998). Judith Ewell, "Barely in the Inner Circle: Jeane Kirkpatrick," in Women and American Foreign Policy: Lobbyists, Critics, and Insiders, ed. Edward P. Crapol (New York: Greenwood Press, 1987). Who's Who in America, 1982-1983 (42nd ed.; Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, Inc., 1982).
Connie G. Armstrong
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