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HOGUE, ALEXANDRE (1898-1994)

Artist and teacher Alexandre Hogue was born in Memphis, Missouri, on February 22, 1898, and grew up in Denton, Texas. After graduating from high school in Dallas, he attended the Minneapolis College of Art and Design and later worked as a commercial artist in New York City. In 1925 he returned to Dallas to devote himself to painting and for several years made annual sketching trips to the Davis Mountains and Big Bend country of Texas or to Taos, New Mexico, which he first visited in 1920. His painting Studio Corner, Taos was exhibited at the National Academy of Design in 1928. The following year he mounted his first solo exhibition at the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston.

In 1931 Hogue began teaching life drawing at the Texas State College for Women in Denton, where he continued as an instructor until 1942. Meanwhile, he received national attention for his "dust bowl landscapes" depicting the effects of the drought that devastated the Great Plains during the 1930s. He later produced a much publicized water erosion series and in 1937 an oil industry series for Fortune magazine. Meanwhile, he became head of the art department at Hockaday Junior College in Dallas. In 1938 he married Maggie Jo Watson, with whom he had a daughter, Olivia.

During World War II Hogue worked as a technical illustrator for North American Aviation in Dallas. In 1945 he moved to Oklahoma following his appointment as head of the art department at the University of Tulsa, a post he held for the next eighteen years. After stepping down as department head in 1963, he continued to teach drawing, painting, and lithography at the university until 1968, when he retired to a farm and studio near Tulsa. In 1980 in Oklahoma City he accepted the Oklahoma Arts Award for Lifetime Service from Gov. George Nigh.

Recipient of numerous awards over a long and productive career, Hogue is represented in the collections of the National Museum of American Art, the Dallas Museum of Art, the Phoenix Art Museum, the Oklahoma City Museum of Art, the Gilcrease Museum, the Philbrook Museum of Art, and the Musée National d'Art Modern in the Pompidou Center, in Paris, France. Alexander Hogue died July 22, 1994, in Tulsa.

SEE ALSO: ART AND ARTISTS, GILCREASE MUSEUM, PHILBROOK MUSEUM OF ART, REGIONALIST MOVEMENT.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Lea Rosson Delong, Nature's Forms/Nature's Forces: The Art of Alexandre Hogue (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1984). Rick Stewart, Lone Star Regionalism: The Dallas Nine and Their Circle, 1928-1945 (Austin: Texas Monthly Press, 1985).

David C. Hunt

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