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GULAGER, WILLIAM MARTIN (1928- )

Actor William Martin "Clu" Gulager was born November 16, 1928, in Holdenville, Oklahoma. An enrolled member of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, Gulager traced his ancestors' arrival in Indian Territory to the tribe's removal in the mid-nineteenth century. His father, paternal grandfather, and grandmother were enrolled on the Dawes, or Final Allottment, Roll of Cherokee citizens, completed in 1906. Gulager inherited his theatrical talent. His father, John Delancy Gulager, was a seasoned actor before settling down in Muskogee to build a successful law practice, eventually becoming a judge. His father's older brother, William Martin "Clu Clu" Gulager, was an Oklahoma state senator from 1922 to 1930. In addition to his father's performing career, the young Clu had additional family inspiration for his theatrical dreams and ambitions. His paternal grandmother, Martha Schrimsher Gulager, was a sister to Mary America Schrimsher Rogers, mother of Oklahoma's favorite son, Will Rogers.

Recognizing his son's talent and theatrical ambitions, John Gulager taught him all he had learned during his own theatrical ventures. After a stint in the U.S. Marine Corps, Clu Gulager enrolled in Northeastern State College at Tahlequah. The promising actor was advised to transfer to Baylor University in Waco, Texas, for advanced instruction. In a short time he received a scholarship to study abroad and eventually landed in Paris working with, and gaining valuable experience from, Jean Louis Barrault, internationally known French actor and director. After a year Gulager returned to Baylor where, in 1952, his professional career and his personal life underwent dramatic changes. He fell in love with Miriam Nethery, a lovely young singer, and married her. He was offered an exciting acting opportunity in New York, but at this joy-filled moment of expected success, his father suddenly died.

In 1957 Gulager traveled to Los Angeles and attained an acting job and an agent, in that order. In 1960 he was offered a role in a televison series titled The Tall Man (1960) in which he created an outstanding characterization of Billy the Kid. In 1964 he gave an impressive performance as a "hit man" partner to Lee Marvin in a film titled The Killers (1964). That film was intended to be the very first "made for television movie," but it contained too much violence for that medium. It was, instead, released to theaters. Clu Gulager's show business career spanned nearly five decades with recognition as a highly accomplished actor and director. His credits include over sixty-five motion pictures and made-for-television movies, including The Last Picture Show (1971), My Heroes Have Always Been Cowboys (1991), The Gambler (1980), A Force of One (1979), and McQ (1974), and he has starred in five major TV series. At the beginning of the twenty-first century he remained a very busy actor/director but also taught his considerable skills to a new generation of talented hopefuls at Clu Gulager's Film Acting Workshop in Hollywood.

SEE ALSO: FILM IMAGES OF OKLAHOMA, JAMES GARNER, EMMETT EVAN HEFLIN, BEN JOHNSON, JR., OKLAHOMA AND HOLLYWOOD, DAYLE ROBERTSON.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: "Clu Gulager," Vertical File, Research Division, Oklahoma Historical Society, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. International Motion Picture Almanac 2000 (La Jolla, Calif.: Quigley Publishing Company, Inc., 2000).

Judith Michener

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