Elva Shartel Ferguson, territorial Oklahoma first lady, newspaper editor, and journalist, was born in Novelty, Missouri, on April 6, 1869, to David E. and Mary Jane Wiley Shartel. She was raised in Sedan, Kansas, where she married Thompson B. Ferguson in 1885. The couple participated in three land runs and moved permanently to Watonga, Oklahoma Territory, in 1892, where they established the Watonga Republican newspaper. The newspaper was a joint endeavor from the beginning. Elva Ferguson participated in every aspect of the work, from writing editorials to selling subscriptions. As her husband became more involved with territorial Republican politics, she often assumed complete responsibility. She gave birth to five children, but only two survived infancy: Walter, a newspaperman and banker, and Tom, Jr., who died during World War I.
In 1901 Pres. Theodore Roosevelt appointed Thompson Ferguson as governor of Oklahoma Territory, and the couple moved to the capital at Guthrie. In addition to her duties as first lady, Ferguson continued to write political news for the Republican throughout her husband's tenure. The Fergusons returned to Watonga and full-time newspaper work in 1906. Elva Ferguson's reminiscences of territorial politics, Indians, outlaws, and frontier life provided the basis of Edna Ferber's novel Cimarron, published in 1930. When RKO Studios developed a motion picture from the novel, Ferguson served as a technical advisor for the newspaper print-shop scenes. In 1937 Ferguson published her own account of newspaper life in early Oklahoma, entitled They Carried The Torch: The Story of Oklahoma's Pioneer Newspapers.
After her husband's death in 1921, Elva Ferguson managed the Watonga Republican alone until she sold it and retired in 1930. She became a leader in Oklahoma Republican Party politics in her own name. In 1924 she served as chair of the state delegation to the Republican National Convention. In 1926 she was a member of the executive committee representing Oklahoma at the Philadelphia Sesquicentennial Exposition and two years later became vice chair of the state Republican committee, serving until 1932. Free of newspaper responsibilities, she traveled extensively in Europe and enjoyed membership in the Order of the Eastern Star and American Pen Women organizations. Ferguson was inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame in 1933. Near the end of her life she received many honors, including Oklahoma Mother of the Year in 1946. Ferguson died in Watonga on December 18, 1947.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: L. Edward Carter, The Story of Oklahoma Newspapers, 1844 to 1984 (Muskogee, Okla.: Western Heritage Books, 1984). Durward Howes, ed., American Women, 1935-1940: A Composite Biographical Dictionary (Detroit: Gale Research Co., 1981). Clyde Richard King, "The T. B. Ferguson Family in Oklahoma Journalism" (M.A. thesis, University of Oklahoma, 1949). Mary Hays Marable and Elaine Boylan, A Handbook of Oklahoma Writers (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1939). Linda W. Reese, "'Dear Oklahoma Lady:' Women Journalists Speak Out," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 67 (Fall 1989). Linda W. Reese, Women of Oklahoma, 1890-1920 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997).
Linda W. Reese
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