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BOREN, LYLE HAGLER (1909-1992)

One of the youngest men to ever serve as a member of Congress, Lyle Hagler Boren was born near Waxahachie, Texas, May 11, 1909, to Mark and Nannie Boren. He had six brothers, William, John Darrell, Mark Dale, Riley Preston, James Basil, and Henry, and one world-famous sister, Mae Boren Axton, writer of Elvis Presley's first hit song, "Heartbreak Hotel." After farming in southwest Oklahoma, the Borens moved to Choctaw, in 1927 where Lyle graduated from high school. He continued his education at East Central State College (now East Central State University) in Ada and Oklahoma A&M College (now Oklahoma State University) in Stillwater.

Lyle H Boren, 1937

Boren ran for the Democratic nomination in Oklahoma's Fourth District in the U.S. House of Representatives in 1934. Fortunately, he lost, since he would not have attained the constitutional age of twenty-five in time to take office. In his second campaign he pledged to help farmers, stay out of war, conserve the soil, provide better education, and provide pensions for senior citizens. Boren was elected to the Seventy-fifth Congress in November 1936. A month later, after a long courtship, he married Christine McKown, whom he had met while student teaching in Ada. Their union produced a son, David Lyle Boren, born in 1941 and later governor of Oklahoma, U.S. Senator, and president of the University of Oklahoma. In 1948 a daughter, Susan, arrived.

Once in Washington, Boren soon became a protege of Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn, who gave the young congressman choice committee assignments. Boren produced a bill that established the National Cancer Institute and created the Civil Aviation Authority, later the Civil Aeronautics Board. Boren organized the "Monday Night Poker Club," a group of young legislators whose poker game circulated among member's apartments each Monday night. Future president Harry S. Truman, agriculture secretary Clinton P. Anderson, and later House speaker John McCormack were also members of the poker club.

Boren demonstrated his absolute independence in opposing his beloved Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt on more than one occasion. Boren vigorously fought against the growth of the federal government and excessive federal spending. Despite his opposition to the party line, he was easily reelected every two years until 1944 when he angered labor unions by backing legislation to ban strikes at defense plants. He was narrowly reelected in 1944. However, in 1946 labor unions and an anti-incumbent sentiment allowed returning war veteran Glen D. Johnson of Okemah to defeat him. Although he served as a lieutenant commander in the U.S. Naval Reserve, Boren was criticized for not resigning his House seat for active military duty during World War II.

Boren unsuccessfully tried to regain his congressional seat in 1948. He became one of the state's biggest ranchers and was a founder of the Oklahoma Cattlemen's Association in 1950. In 1957 he moved back to Washington as a lobbyist for the Association of Western Railroads. After retiring, he served as Assistant Oklahoma Insurance Commissioner. A 1984 stroke left him partially paralyzed. Lyle H. Boren died in Oklahoma City July 2, 1992.

SEE ALSO: DAVID BOREN, DEMOCRATIC PARTY, GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS, TWENTIETH CENTURY.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Biographical Directory of the American Congress (Alexandria, Va.: CQ Staff Directories, 1997). Bob Burke, Lyle H. Boren: The Eloquent Congressman (Edmond: University of Central Oklahoma Press, 1995).

Bob Burke

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