Chronicles of Oklahoma
Volume 11, No. 4
JOHN A. WIMBERLY
John A. Wimberly, the subject of this sketch, was born in Henry County, Tennessee, April 20, 1865, and died at the Ponca City
hospital, Oct. 24, 1933. The immediate cause of his death was pneumonia, although he had been in poor health for several years.
He was the youngest of five children, and while he was yet a small boy the family moved to Illinois where he was reared and
where he received his education. When he had reached the years of self-assertion the lure of the West induced him to migrate
to western Kansas, where he loated and engaged in farming with an older brother in 1882. When the talk of opening Oklahoma
to settlement, and when Captain David Payne was carrying on his aggressive campaign, he too, imbibed the boomer spirit but
was not old enough at that time to file on public land. When the proclamation of President Harrison was issued opening Oklahoma
to settlement, April 22, 1889, young John Wimberly was on the line waiting for the big rush for homesteads. He was a real
89er and was fortunate enough to locate a quarter section of land in what is now Kingfisher county.
He opened up and put in cultivation his homestead and made that his place of residence more than ten years. His home was first
in Canadian county but a change of the county lines made him a resident of Kingfisher county. In fact, his farm was near Kingfisher
and he was recognized as a Kingfisher man.
He was united in the bonds of marriage to Miss Martha J. Gillian, Jan. 1, 1890. To this union four children were born, two
of whom, with their mother survive. The children living are Miss Martha Wimberly, a school teacher at Webb City, Oklahoma
and Mrs. Fern Saxon, of Eureka Springs, Arkansas.
The Shidler Review of October 26, states: "The funeral services for John A. Wimberly were conducted at the Presbyterian church in Shidler by
Rev. Percy Nickless of Ponca City (the pastor under whom he professed his religious faith, and who baptized him a number of
years ago) the auditorium of the church being packed to overflowing by his old friends and neighbors, and huge floral tributes
attested the high degree of esteem in which he was held by all who knew him. Following the services the body was taken to
Pawhuska where interment was made in the family lot by the side of a daughter, who preceded him across the Great Divide a
number of years ago."
But few men were more closely identified with the history and development of the Territory of Oklahoma than John A. Wimberly.
When he arrived in '89 he was young, ambitious and public spirited. He took great interest in the political organization of
the new Territory and was always identified with the Republican party. At the first election for members of the Territorial
legislature, he was elected to the House from Canadian county. Of the two other members from the same county, one was a populist
and the other a democrat. Political lines were not closely drawn, personal popularity of the candidate and local interest
determined the results. While he was the youngest member of either house, yet he was soon recognized as a man of
practical ideas, and one who was not afraid to express his opinion on any subject that came up for consideration.
In the contest to locate the capital, he was first for Guthrie as against Oklahoma City, but when Kingfisher became an aspirant
for the honor of being the capital of Oklahoma, John A. Wimberly became an ardent supporter of his home town.
This, the first Territorial legislature met Aug. 27, 1890 and adjourned Dec. 24, 1890. The Territorial University at Norman,
the Central Normal at Edmond, and the Agricultural & Mechanical College at Stillwater were established and located at this
session of the legislature. Gov. Geo. W. Steele signed all bills creating these educational institutions, Dec. 24, 1890. Complying
with the provisions of the bill locating the A. & M. College the Governor appointed John A. Wimberly, R. J. Barker, Amos Ewing,
and Rev. J. P. Lane as the Board of Regents for the Agricultural and Mechanical College. These nominations were confirmed
the same day by the Territorial Council. The records show that the Board was organized by the election of R. J. Barker, President
and Secretary, and Amos Ewing, Treasurer.
The record also reads: "John A. Wimberly was elected superintendent of buildings on Nov. 25, 1891, with power to contract
in the name of the Board of Regents, for the Director of the Experimental station, a residence, not to exceed a cost of $1,300.00;
a laboratory not to exceed $700.00. He was also delegated by the Board to build all other buildings and sheds needed in starting
the Experimental station. Mr. Wimberly took immediate charge and supervision of all the first buildings erected out of the
very meager funds available at that time. He was also on the committee with J. P. Lane that purchased the first live stock
for that institution. After serving two years on the Board he resigned and returned to his home in Kingfisher county.
He was elected to the second legislature from the 5th district, which was in Kingfisher county. This legislature met in Guthrie
Jan. 1893. The experience that he had gained while a member of the first legislature and the information he had acquired concerning
the Territory's new educational institutions made him a valuable member of the second legislature.
He continued to make his residence in Kingfisher county until the opening of the Kiowa and Comanche reservation. In 1902 Gov.
Ferguson appointed him to the office of county commissioner of Caddo county, the other members of the first board of commissioners
of Caddo being C. A. Cleveland and Frank Farwell. He resided at Anadarko for about three years and then moved to Pawhuska
in Osage county, where he made his home for many years. He was not only in the real estate business but owned and operated
a cattle ranch not far from that town. Mr. Wimberly had been in poor health for some time and had not been actively engaged
in business for several years.
The writer served with John Wimberly in both the first and second territorial legislatures and at that time knew him intimately.
While we were often on opposite sides in controversies when arguments became acrimonious, yet, at no time did I have cause
to doubt John Wimberly's good faith and honesty of purpose.
In later years he had no ambition to be identified with state-wide affairs. He was content to live within the bounds of his
own community and to have the love and respect of his neighbors. The encomiums and
words of kindness spoken of him by the newspapers of Osage county upon his departure show the respect and esteem in which
he was held by those who knew him best.
Although the writer has seen but little of him in recent years, yet, he always regarded John Wimberly as a personal friend.
Before the death of John A. Wimberly there were three members of the House of Representatives who served in the first territorial
legislature living; the other two members being the writer and Dr. E. R. Long, who represented Beaver county, and is now a
resident of El Reno.
Dan W. Peery.
VICTOR M. LOCKE, Sr.
Born August 2, 1844, near Ten Mile Stand, Meigs County, Tennessee; died January 7, 1929, and buried in the family burying
ground near Antlers, Oklahoma; son of Benjamin F. Locke and Mary (Sharp) Locke, both natives of Virginia and coming to Tennessee
prior to the Civil War, the former dying in 1854 and the latter in 1870; farming people of respectability.
Victor M. Locke, Sr., was reared upon the old family homestead where he was born, having only such educational advantages
as the common schools of that day afforded. At the beginning of the Civil War, when only fifteen years of age, on account
of his youth, not being permitted to enlist, he was attached to the Third Tennessee Cavalry of the Confederate Army. On the
Confederate rolls in the Adjutant General's office, War Department, Washington, D. C., his name appears on the muster roll
of a detachment of paroled and exchanged prisoners at Camp Lee, near Richmond, Virginia, dated March 28, 1865, described as
a private of Company I, 3rd Tennessee Cavalry, Confederate States Army, having enlisted at Ten Miles Stand, Tennessee. He
was in the battles of Murffeesboro, Chickamauga, and Missionary Ridge, Tennessee, Ringgold Gap, Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain,
and Peaach Tree Creek, Georgia. Captured at the latter place July 22, 1864, and exchanged on the James River, Virginia, three
weeks before evacuation of Petersburg, Virginia. Reentered Confederate service taking part in the seige of Petersburg. Upon
withdrawal of Army of Northern Virginia, fought at the Battle of Five Forks and not being among those who surrendered at Appomattox
Court House, was paroled at Kingston, Georgia, May 15, 1865.1
He came to the Choctaw Nation February 1, 1866, where he engaged in herding cattle and later clerking in stores at Lukfata
and Doaksville. In 1870 he was married to Miss Susan Priscilla McKinney, daughter of Thompson McKinney, a prominent member
of the Choctaw Tribe, and halding many public offices under said government. The following children survive: Victor M. Locke,
Jr., Mrs. Charles E. Archer and Edwin S. Locke, his wife having preceded him in death.
Whilst he resided at Doaksville he was Clerk of the Circuit Court of Towson County, Choctaw Nation. He also held the office
of superintendent of public schools of said nation. About 1879 he embarked in the mercantile business on his own account.
In 1887 establishing a store at Antlers, he enjoyed success from the beginning. His trade rapidly and constantly increased
until he had one of the largest mercantile establishments in that section of the nation, carrying an extensive stock. In 1897
he retired from the mercantile business. His wife was a relative of Ex-Governor Thompson McKinney, her father being of the
same name. He was a friend of the Indian and exercised great influence on local Indian affairs. In 1890 he was a supporter
of the late Jacob Jackson in his race against the late Wlison M. Jones for Governor of the Choctaw Nation, out of which grew
what was known as the Locke-Jones war. He was a brave and constant friend and adherent of any cause that he espoused.
JOSEPH GREEN RALLS
Born June 4, 1864, near Carmi, White County, Illinois, son of Henry Ralls and Sarah (Williams) Ralls, and died at Atoka, Oklahoma,
November 25, 1933, where he is buried. His father, Henry Ralls, born in North Carolina, moved in childhood with his parents
to Alabama. Whilst a young man Henry Ralls migrated to White County, Illinois, where he met and married Sarah Williams, the
oldest child of Charles and Polly Williams, both Kentuckians. Soon after his marriage he purchased a farm near Carmi in said
county, on which all of his children were born and reared to maturity. One son Nathaniel W. Ralls now owns and lives on the
old homestead. Another brother, Judge George T. Ralls, of Coalgate, Oklahoma also survives. The mother was born in Kentucky
but whilst a child her parents moved to White county, Illinois, where they lived until their death. From this family sprang
the late J. Robert Williams, formerly a member of the Congress of the United States from the Twentieth Congressional District
of Illinois. The Ralls family is of English extraction. In Green's History of the English People Colonel Ralls is mentioned
as a faithful defender of the rights of the English people. The father of said Henry Ralls was Robert Ralls, a soldier on
the side of the United States in the War of 1812.
Joseph Green Ralls having attended local schools in White county, Illinois, in 1883 entered the Southern Illinois College
at Endfield, Illinois, attending for two years, and in 1865 entered the National Normal University of Lebanon, Ohio, graduating
there receiving degrees of Bachelor of Science on Aug. 19, 1887, and of Bachelor of Laws on Aug. 19, 1888, and was admitted
to the bar of the Supreme Court of the Staate of Ohio. In the same month he located at Fort Smith, Arkansas, being admitted
to the bar in Arkansas, and there engaged in the practice of the law. On the passage of the Congress of the United States,
on March 1, 1889, of an act establishing a United States Court in Indian Territory he immediately located at Muskogee, Indian
Territory, to engage in the practice of the law. On April 2, 1889, the day after which said court was organized, the following
attorneys were admitted to the bar, the same being the first admissions to said bar and all being admitted at the same sitting
and at the same time subscribed
the roll as follows: Z. T. Waldron, D. Stewart Elliott, Townsend N. Foster, Napoleon B. Maxey, Walter A. Ledbetter, R. E.
Jackson, Ridge Paschel, Sanford O. Hinds, E. G. Boudinott, Preston S. Lester, Joseph G. Ralls, Robert L. Owen, J. H. Crichton, W. D. Crawford, G. W. Pasco, S. S. Fears, James H. Ackin, D. M. Wisdom and W. C. Jackson.
The records of said court show that Ralls & Crawford then were partners. In 1891 Joseph G. Ralls was appointed United States
Commissioner for said court at Atoka in the Choctaw Nation, the first case on his docket being United States v. Felix Moore,
filed Feb. 21, 1891.
On February 9th, 1893, Joseph G. Ralls and Eva Standley, daughter of Captain J. S. Standley1 were married, ten children being born to said marriage. The widow Mrs. Eva Standley Ralls, of Atoka, Oklahoma, and the following
children survive: Joseph G. Ralls, Jr., attorney at law, Atoka, Oklahoma; Mrs. Sara Presson of Canadian and Norman, Oklahoma;
Thomas S. Ralls, Miss Claude Ralls and Miss Elizabeth Ralls all of Atoka, Oklahoma, and the following preceded him in death:
Lewis Henry, born Nov. 22, 1900, died March 22, 1917; John, born June 28, 1914, died Oct. 10, 1915; Clara, born Aug. 3, 1905,
died Jan. 26, 1912; Ann Elizabeth, died in infancy; James, born Mar. 23, 1895, died in infancy; Adele, born Jan. 17, 1902,
died in infancy.
Judge Joseph G. Ralls resigning as United States Commissioner in the summer of 1893 engaged in the practice of the law at
Atoka, continuously for a period of over forty years until his death. During all that period he was one of the attorneys for
the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway Company. In April 1895 his brother, Judge George T. Ralls removed from Muskogee, and
locating at Atoka joined him in the practice of the law under the firm name of Ralls & Ralls, which continued until June 16,
1897, when the latter was appointed United States Commissioner, which position he held until in 1905, when resigning he again
joined his brother in the practice of the law, which continued until 1908, when he removed to Coalgate, Oklahoma, where he
engaged in the practice of the law, his brother Joseph G. Ralls continuing at Atoka the practice alone until Mar. 16, 1928,
when his son Joseph G. Ralls, Jr., became associated with him in the practice of the law which continued until his death.
In 1904 Joseph G. Ralls, among others, participated in the organization of a public school system in the town and community
of Atoka, being elected and serving as president of the first school board for said town. During his residence there in one
way or another he took a part in the encouragement of local schools. In 1915 he was appointed by the governor of the state
as a member of the State Board of Education, ex officio Board of Regents for the Oklahoma State University and all state colleges
and state schools except the A. & M. College, continuing in that capacity for four years, rendering capable, effective and
He was a charter member of the Indian Territory Bar Association, organized at McAlester, February 22, 1900, being selected
as one of the six members of its first council, and as chairman of the committee of three of the court division at Atoka "in
examination of applicants for admission to the bar, and further for the purpose of reporting to the president any alleged
violation of professional ethics on the part of any lawyer practicing at said bar." He remained as chairman of such committee
until the admission of Indian Territory as a part of the
State of Oklahoma. At the fifth annual session of the Indian Territory Bar Association, held at McAlester, Indian Territory,
June 14th and 15th, 1904, Joseph G. Ralls was elected as president of said association. The executive committee of said bar
association, embracing himself as chairman, W. A. Ledbetter, E. J. Fannin, R. L. Williams, F. H. Kellog, R. E. Jackson and
W. H. Kornegay, met with a like committee on the part of the Oklahoma Territory Bar Association at Oklahoma City on September
17, 1904, when a plan for consolidation of the two associations was agreed upon, said amalgamation taking place at a meeting
held at Shawnee during the last week of December, 1904. Immediately after statehood Joseph G. Ralls was elected chairman of
the Bar Association of Atoka County and continued in that capacity until his death. During all that period he was an active
member of the Oklahoma State Bar Association. In 1912 he was appointed by the Supreme Court of the State of Oklahoma as a
member at large of the State Bar Commission, continuing in that position for a number of years until he resigned. He was one
of the great and leading lawyers of the state. He was appointed by the United States District Court, with the consent and
approval of the attorneys engaged on both sides in litigation, as special master, in cases of great importance. He also served
in cases, by appointment, as special Justice of the Supreme Court. He was not only a diligent lawyer as to detail and fact
but also diligent, accurate and capable as to conclusions of law. His entire professional career was characterized with proper
regard for ethics. His earthly career as an honorable and upright attorney of the bar has come to a close.
In the spring of 1893 he became a member of a Blue Lodge of Masonry (Lodge No. 4, A. F. & A. M. at Atoka) and at the time
of his death was a life member of said Lodge, under whose auspices his sistory at McAlester, and of Bedouin Temple (Shriner)
at Muskogee, and the Order of Eastern Star, and also of Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks.
Like all human beings he had his frailties but whatever they were they related only to himself. He came to Indian Territory
at the first gesture toward the opening of the country to white settlement. He became a member of the Choctaw tribe by marriage.
During all these years he was a forward looking man, rendering community service required of a good citizen. Whilst a life
long Republican yet he was liberal in his views. Occasionally he would change his registration to that of a Democrat in order
to support a long time friend in party primaries, but when the primary and general election was over he would change his registration
back, saying that he hadn't changed his politics, he had just shifted his registration to support a friend. In 1906 he was
nominated by the Republicans in the Atoka constitutional delegate district (No. 105) as a Republican candidate, making an
unsuccessful campaign on the Republican ticket in a Democratic district, receiving said nomination as a recognition that he
was the strongest candidate of his party in the district. An indulgent and loving husband and father and a faithful friend
has crossed the river of death.
R. L. WILLIAMS.
SAMPSON THEOPILUS LANE.
Son of Sampson H. Lane and Lucy Ann (Winfield) Lane, born on a plantation in Fayette County, Tennessee, about fifty miles
east of Memphis, on September 26, 1839, and died February 28, 1933, at Poteau, LeFlore County, Oklahoma, buried there in Oakland
cemetery. His father dying when he was about one year old, when he reached the age of nine his grandfather Sampson Lane prevailed
upon his mother to permit the boy to live with him, where he was provided with a private tutor until his grandfather died
in 1852. At the age of fourteen years he entered LaGrange College, located in Franklin County, Alabama, which in 1855 was
changed to LaGrange College and Military Academy, and in 1860 to the LaGrange Military Academy, the buildings of which on
April 28, 1863, were burned by Federal Cavalry under command of Colonel Florence M. Cornye.1
Sampson Theopilus Lane, as S. T. Lane, enlisted May 16, 1861, at Memphis, Tennessee, as a private in Co. A, 7th (Duckworth's)
Tennessee Cavalry, C. S. A., formerly known as Capt. T. H. Logwood's Company (Memphis Light Dragoons), 1st Tennessee Cavalry,
C. S. A. He was captured near Memphis, Tennessee, October 29, 1863; imprisoned at Alton Military Prison, Illinois, and at
Fort Delaware, Delaware, at which place he was released on June 11, 1865. As a brave soldier he participated on the side of
the Confederacy in the following battles: Cow Skin Prairie, Bell Mont, Lockridge Mill, Farmington, Shiloh, Iuka, Oxford, Holly
Springs, Davis' Mill, Middleton, Okalona, Black River, Jackson, Yazoo, and Chickamauga.
After the war returning to Memphis he engaged in the practice of the law and farming. He joined the Ku Klux Klan under General
Forrest and remained a member until it was disbanded by General Forrest, who stated it having served its purpose, that it
was no longer needed.
In 1871 he was licensed by the Methodist Episcopal Church South at Memphis, Tennessee, as a preacher of the Gospel and in
1874 entered into the ministry as an itinerant preacher, being assigned to a pastorate at Puducah, Kentucky. On May 25th,
1875, he was married to Miss Sallie Bland Parham at Germantown, Tennessee, where having taken a location from the annual conference,
he taught school for many years. In 1888 he removed to Little Rock, Arkansas, later teaching school at Atkins and Dardanelle.
Afterwards he was superintendent of a Methodist District school located at Booneville, Arkansas, continuing in that capacity
for a number of years. Many boys from Indian Territory attended this school and through them he had occasion to visit their
homes, coming in direct contact with the people of the Choctaw Nation. This occasioned his removal to Poteau on August 6,
1900. Preaching at various points in what is now LeFlore and Haskell Counties and teaching school at Whitefield, Shady Point,
and LeFlore, he retained his residence during all that time at Poteau. He served several terms as Justice of the Peace in
the city of Poteau, resigning therefrom in 1932, a short time before he was 93 years of age. From 1912 to 1922 he was scout
master of the boy scouts, retiring in the latter year, being the oldest scout master in the world. He was active in the organization
of the Confederate Veterans, holding places of honor. Retaining his mental and physical strength, seldom having occasion to
use a cane in walking or glasses with which to read, he taught a Sunday School class in the Methodist Episcopal Church, South,
in Poteau until within a few days of his death, endeavoring at all times to walk in the steps of his Master and to be ready
for the final summons.
He left surviving his widow, Sallie (Parham) Lane, and two daughters, Mrs. H. J. (Linda) Fowler of Poteau, Oklahoma, and Mrs.
M. E. (Vera) Turner of Eufaula, Oklahoma, another daughter Mrs. R. E. (Pat) Patrick, preceding him in death.2 His available genealogy
is as follows: His father, Sampson H. Lane, born April 18, 1809, killed accidentally on Christmas day, 1842, and mother, Lucy
Ann Windfield, daughter of Joel Windfield and Francis (Shands) Windfield, were married in Sussex County, Virginia, May 10,
1838; his grandfather, Sampson Lane, born in 1772, Charles City County, Virginia, died at Memphis, Tennessee, December 1852,
was married to Mary (Thomas) Allen, who was born in Orange County, Virginia, in 1792, the marriage taking place in Elbert
County, Georgia, she dying in Desoto County, Mississippi in August 1857; his greatgrandfather, William Lane, born in Charles
City County, Virginia, in 1757, serving in the colonial army, was married to Nancy Healey, who was born in Charles City County,
Virginia. The Lane family coming from England settled in the colony of Virginia at an early date.
Believing in and living the simple life, and honest and courageous in thought, speech and act, with no sordid ambition for
wealth or notoriety—an exemplification of a Southern Gentleman of the Old School, he lived a long and useful life.
R. L. WILLIAMS.
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