Edited by James W. Moffitt
The newspaper publishers of Oklahoma, the Southern Historical Association, state historical societies and other learned institutions are rendering valuable services to the Oklahoma Historical Society through their willingness to exchange their publications with The Chronicles of Oklahoma. These publications are being carefully catalogued and preserved for students. The society wishes to express its thanks to donors for books, manuscripts, pictures, artifacts and other historical material. The librarian is desirous of securing back numbers of The Chronicles of Oklahoma.
The Oklahoma Historial Society wishes to encourage its members and others who are interested in preserving sites and tombstones of many neglected greveyards which are scattered over the state. The Society asks the cooperation of historical students and other persons in taking care of neglected graveyards and also in listing the names and inscriptions which remain on headstones in these old cemeteries. A record of a number of these people would be of great historical interest.
In the January, 1942, issue of The North Carolina Historical Review,1 David C. Duniway of the National Archives reviews a volume entitled, The Trinity College Historical Society, 1892-1941,2 pointing out that: The Trinity College Historical Society was founded to collect and preserve historical source materials, and to promote critical historical scholarship in the field of Southern history. Other early college or university historical societies were the Historical Society of the University of North Carolina, founded in 1844 and still active in 1877, the Historical Association of St. John's College, now Fordham University, the Harvard Historical Society, and the Otterbein University Historical Society, in Ohio. Dr. Tilley has indicated the influence which the Trinity College Historical Society has had upon the foundation of other societies, but it would be interesting to trace further the history of such societies and their influence upon each other. They form a chapter in the story of the great movement which has resulted in the foundation of over a thousand historical societies of various types in this country. In no place, however, could the college societies of the 1890's have been as important as in the South, where they were agents for freedom of thought.
The following passage taken from the review of A History of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania,3 by Harlow Lindley of the
2The Trinity College Historical Society, 1892-1941. By Nannie M. Tilley (Durham: Duke University Press. 1941. Pp. viii + 133. $1.00.)
3A History of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. By Hampton L. Carson (Philadelphia: The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1940. 2 volumes.).
Ohio Archaeological and Historical Society, in The North Carolina Historical Review will be of interest to our readers:
In his "Introductory View," the author discusses the functions of an historical society and makes a clear distinction between purely historical societies and libraries containing large and diversified collections of material. He says: "It is not the function of a society to write history nor to teach it. It cannot control the writing of history, nor censor its expressions. . . It can rescue from destruction hallowed shrines and time-tested principles. It can stir a public into action; it can arouse patriotism, sustain national and state pride, stimulate ambition, encourage study, perpetuate illustrious names, and keep alive honorable traditions. Through its books, its manuscripts, its autographs, its portraits, its miniatures and its relics, which, like jewels, hold imprisoned light, it can appeal from all that is worthy in the past to all that is noble in the present and to all that is of consequence to the future. . . .It can assist writers, teachers, students and readers to a right understanding of the past. . . . A society can furnish a forum for discussion, and can, at times, act as patron of merit by enlarging the bounds of enterprise in unsealing the vaults of hidden knowledge. In the doing of these things there is no interference with liberty of thought or speech. In fine, while standing as the guardian of treasures, a society acts as the generous almoner of learning. "This chapter is worth the attention of anyone interested in the purposes and programs of an historical society.4
Kenneth Kaufman, Literary Editor of The Daily Oklahoman, makes the following timely comments:
For several years I have been preaching on the text that somebody in Oklahoma—several somebodies—ought to get busy and write a whole string of stories for boys and girls, using the materials that are scattered all over Oklahoma, from the days when the Indians started on the Trail of Tears down to the days of the boys and girls who are making the 4-H clubs and the Future Farmers of America the most significant movement in the whole social fabric of the country.
What I started to say is that there is enough raw material in Oklahoma to supply all the juvenile libraries in the world for the next ten years. And nobody much is doing anything about it. I can turn my head from my typewriter and see 500 books written by Oklahomans; and possibly three or four of them are intended for boys and girls. There are several written by Oklahomans on subjects which have nothing to do with Oklahoma: Lena Becker Scott's "Dawn Boy of the Pueblos,"
for instance, and Bessie Rowland James' adaptations of Marquis James' biographies, "Six Feet Six," and "The Courageous Heart." And Dora Aydelotte's "Green Gravel." But of juveniles written by Oklahomans on Oklahoma subjects there is a great dearth. The only ones I can think of just now are S. M. Barrett's stories of Indian boys and girls, Harold Keith's "Boy's Life of Will Rogers," and E. E. Dale's "Tales of the Teepee." And then, away back twenty years or so ago, Forestine C. Hooker, who was the daughter of an army officer and the wife of another, wrote a book about a little girl at Fort Sill in the days when the Kiowas and Comanches were just learning to be good; it was called "Cricket," and if there ever was a better book for and about a little girl, I haven't read it. Not that grown-ups don't like it, too. I think it was a grown-up who borrowed my copy and never brought it back.
There is so much that ought to be written about. There are the obvious subjects, of course, Indians, pioneers, cowboys. But even they have sides and phases which haven't been touched. Lots of books have been written about them in many parts of America. But I have never seen one which wasn't perfectly conventional. Now, in Oklahoma there is a mass of matter about all of them which isn't conventional. For instance, if a book were written about an Indian boy or girl in one of the mission schools back a hundred years ago, most readers wouldn't recognize them for Indians at all. For they didn't wear feathers, moccasins or blankets; and they practically never scalped anybody.
And, incidentally, the boys and girls who are going to government boarding schools today offer a fascinating subject; if there is a more complete combination of fun, tragedy, fear, ambition, homesickness and wistfulness than a little Indian who has been taken away from his parents, I don't know what it is. Then there are the boys and girls who lived in dugouts and sod houses when Oklahoma was new. Or for that matter, the boys and girls who came into Oklahoma during the several runs; who helped stake the claim and make the family living during those trying first years. And has anybody ever written a story for children about the children of tenant farmers? It could be done; it ought to be done. And there are children in the sawmill camps in southeastern Oklahoma, and children in the high plains (once spoken of as the dust bowl), and children on the ranches that we still have. Children everywhere, and ever since Oklahoma began to be, if your mind runs to heroism and fancy, an imaginary boy accompanying Coronado on his search for the Seven Cities would be worth writing up; not to mention boys who went across Oklahoma to the California gold mines in 1849; or who helped herd cattle in the Cherokee strip
before statehood. And for all I know there may have been boys in the outlaw gangs. The field is unlimited.
What I mean is that there are four or five hundred people here in Oklahoma who have written successfully, or who are ambitious to write; and they are all, practically, neglecting the richest field imaginable for literary exploitation.5
Oklahoma librarians and readers of this magazine should not overlook a recent contribution to the history of the oil industry in this section. It is described in the Sooner State Press for October 31, 1942, in the following words:
Gerald Forbes, former Oklahoma City newspaperman who has worked on papers in Texas and Florida, is the author of a book on the oil development of the southwest released October 24, by the University of Oklahoma Press, Norman. It is entitled Flush Production: The Epic of Oil in the Gulf-Southwest.
Forbes is professor of history at Northeastern State College, Tahlequah. His book develops the importance of oil discovery from the standpoint of its effect on social and economic history.
Forbes explodes most of the popular legends of oil discoveries, among them the idea that a Colonel Drake discovered the first well in Pennsylvania in the middle 1800's.
The author relates how the owners of the first commercial well near Chelsea in Indian Territory hauled the crude petroleum in 5-gallon cans to Independence, Kan., for use by a trolley company.
The book deals with all phases of oil development in Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana and New Mexico.6
Our readers will be interested in the following article which appeared in The Daily Oklahoman for June 17, 1908:
Hugo, Okla., June 16—That the recent floods on Red River rose to a higher mark than the disasterous overflows of 1843 is proven by W. R. Eubanks whose gauge is an arrow cut on a log in the side of a log cabin built in the Red River bottom about 80 years ago on the plantation of Governor Jones, one of the early executives of the Choctaw nation. The water mark of the present flood was several feet above the arrow.
The old log house stands near the mouth of Bois d'Arc Creek in the second bottom of the river valley. It was constructed of hewn cedar logs and without nails, the roof being made stationary by weight poles. It was one of the first houses constructed after the first advent of the advance guard of the
6Flush Production: the Epic of Oil in the Southwest. By Gerald Forbes, (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1942. Pp. 253. $2.75.)
Indian tribes to the territory. When the 1843 flood came, the highest point reached on the side of the building was marked by arrow carved into the wood on which was carved also the words, "Flood of 1843."
Between 1,500 and 2,000 people swarmed Sayre Park for the fourth annual Western Oklahoma Pioneers' reunion August 30, 1942, and though the arbor had been enlarged twice the size of last year, there still was insufficient seating capacity for the hundreds who attended the afternoon program.
Mrs. Grace Perkins, registrar, said 400 pioneers signed the registration book and were on hand to observe the fiftieth anniversary of the run for homesteads in this district. Five who made the run, Mrs. Rebecca Beeson and Jack Freeman, both of Sayre; Fount Sutton, Texas, and John Anderson and Mrs. Della I. Young, both of Cheyenne, were given seats of honor on the stage.
Jim Calloway, Merritt, was elected President of the reunion organization to succeed J. L. Edgecomb. Others elected were R. E. Edwards, Vice-president, and Mrs. Grace Perkins, Secretary.
John Salyer was master of ceremonies. Sen. E. F. Cornels led the pledge of allegiance to the flag and Earl Edwards led the group singing of America. Invocation was given by Rev. Carl Belcher. Service flags were given to mothers present who had sons in military service. They were Mrs. Eula Barker, Sayre, Mrs. John Pruett, Doxey, and Mrsfl Burrows, Victory. Mrs. Barker and Mrs. Pruett were given four-star flags and Mrs. Burrow received a three-star flag.
The welcome address was given by William D. Lackey, President of the chamber of commerce, and John Casady, pioneer Cheyenne newspaperman, responded. Distinguished guests were introduced by E. H. Gipson and short addresses were made by Jack Freeman, Fount Sutton, J. C. MacKenzie, Dewey Beson, Jim Calloway, Della I. Young and Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Jones. L. G. Brewer conducted a short memorial service for the pioneers who had died during the past year.
J. W. Dennis, Erick, won first in the contest for the best original song about Oklahoma. J. E. Nunn, Delhi, was second. Judges were Mrs. Ollie Cornelison, Tom Lowry and Mrs. W. P. Spence. J. E. McCraw, New Liberty, was first and E. T. Laney, Delhi, second in the old time fiddling contest.
Mrs. Fannie Warren was given the prize for having the most generations of her family present. Mrs. Warren, Mrs. Nellie Halford, Hoke Halford and his small son represented four generations. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Rice, New Liberty, received the prize for having the most children present. All of their nine children attended.
Mrs. John Danner received first prize for the most original pioneer costume and Mrs. Birdie Bell, Hext, received second prize.
Judges were Mrs. Lora Gibbons, Mrs. Minnie Hohenshelt and Mrs. Cynthia Evins.
Several American flags unfurled throughout the park grounds gave the reunion a patriotic air. Flags of all allied nations were displayed above the stage.7
At a ceremony dedicated to the past, the University of Oklahoma looked toward the future at its Golden Anniversary Program on September 15, 1942.
Speaking before a crowd of 3,000 students, faculty members, and visitors, President Joseph A. Brandt, pledged himself to uphold the traditions established by early university leaders.
The occasion marked the semi-centennial anniversary of the opening of classes at the University, September 15, 1892.
"From my standpoint, as graduate, a citizen of the state and president," said Brandt, "I pledge to carry forward faithfully, earnestly, and sincerely, this university through all the perils of war to the final destiny of peace so the work of the men who have gone before me will not have been in vain."
His talk was preceded by remarks from President Emeritus W. B. Bizzell who reminded the crowd seated on the north oval lawn, that many of them will be living to return to the University's 100th anniversary in 1992.
"I hope that the next anniversary will be in a great day of peace when men have learned to curb their basic passions, and education has soothed their hates and lusts," Bizzell said.
Bizzell described the university as being, next to the church, the most enduring of all landmarks of civilization.
Several persons associated with the early life of the University were introduced at the meeting. Among them was Dr. Edwin DeBarr, Norman, one of the original faculty of four men.
In a short address, DeBarr told the open air assemblage that "science without culture is like a body without life." He said the main purpose of education was to enable people to "do the most good for their community."
Also presented to the audience was J. W. Sturgis, Professor of Classical Languages, who is the oldest member in active serviec of the University faculty; Judge C. Ross Hume, the oldest living B. A. graduate of the University; Mrs. Fantine Samuels Paxton, the first woman graduate, Mrs. Grace King Maguire, Director of the School of Music from 1898 till 1901, and Dr. Roy Gittinger, veteran faculty member and present Dean of Admissions who presented to the President of the University the first copy of his new volume, The University of Oklahoma, A History of Fifty Years, to be placed in the University Library. All current members of the faculty who have served twenty-five or more years were also introduced.8
The navy, September 20, 1942, unfurled its banners over the large aviation service school which now sprawls over 1200 acres of countryside south of Norman.
A blare of bugle and a curt exchange of formalities between commanding naval officers signaled the commissioning of the center for beginning of training operations.
Several hundred military and civilian spectators looked on as Lieut. Comdr. Norman S. Gallison strode onto the reviewing field to receive officially the portfolio of command at the school from Lieut. Comdr. R. H. Meade.
High point in the swift-cadenced naval ceremony was a short address from Capt. A. C. Read, commanding officer of the naval aviation school at Pensacola, Florida, and representative of the federal bureau of aeronautics. He congratulated the city of Norman and naval officers here for the job they did in establishing the new training station.
"In getting this fine training center here at Norman, you will be enabled to do a big part toward winning the war," he said. "I want to commend the navy officers in charge for finding this grand site for the school where there is plenty of room for expansion which I understand is going to happen later on."
Present plans call for the training of 10,000 aviation mechanics, metal smiths and ordnance men each three months as soon as construction is completed. Read pointed out in his talk that shore stations such as the Norman school were having to provide training for men that formerly was given by the fleet itself. The fleet is too busy now to handle such work, he added.
While he spoke, twelve companies of sailors in full dress white uniforms stood at attention on the paved marching field in front of the reviewing stand. Officers at the school were stationed at one end of the colorful arena of activity. The University of Oklahoma band also was arrayed on the field.
Read was introduced to the audience which was limited to about five hundred invited civilian guests in addition to military personnel, by Capt. J. F. Donelson, veteran naval officer now in command of the university naval reserve officers training corps.
Speaking briefly, Donelson said the new navy bases being erected in Norman marked the turning point in military history for Oklahoma. "Until now," he said, "Oklahoma has provided training only for army personnel."
Commander A. W. Wheelock also appeared on the program, telling the assembled military audience that within three months six thousand men will be learning highly skilled techniques at the school.
"This training is most important," he added, "for the responsibility, for the success of our men on the field, depends how well men at schools like this do their job."
Near the conclusion of the ceremony, several gifts were presented to the newly-commissioned school. The Norman Chamber of Commerce, through its President, L. A. Weidman, gave the commanding officer, Lieut. Commander Gallison, a silver punch bowl service, the traditional gift the navy crew presents a captain at the launching of a new ship, Randell Cobb, Assistant State Attorney General and former State Commander, presented the school a gold cornet for the American Legion, Department of Oklahoma, while an American flag was presented by the Secretary on behalf of the State Historical Society to the Naval Training School, the first one in the State.9
A comprehensive program for the production and distribution of official government 16mm sound motion pictures about the war has been developed and put into operation by the Bureau of Motion Pictures of the Office of War Information. These motion pictures, planned to inform the American people about the war effort and what they can do to help, are available to schools, businessmen's and fraternal clubs, women's groups, industrial workers, and other users of non-theatrical films through more than one hundred fifty established film libraries and film rental agencies in all parts of the country.
The cost to users of obtaining these films has been kept at a minimum. The Motion Picture Bureau's policy is that "In addition to transportation costs, distributors are permitted to make a service charge to the users not to exceed 50c for the first subject and 25c for each additional subject included in a single shipment."
Schools and other groups interested in obtaining official government war films for use in a planned program of war information should seek information directly from their usual sources for 16mm films. A complete list of all distributors of official government war films may be obtained upon request from the OWI Bureau of Motion Pictures, 1400 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C.
New 16mm films will be released each month.10 Prints of government films previously distributed through the Office of Emergency Management Film Unit are being reallocated and may be obtained through some of the agencies handling current releases.11
Oklahoma's newest division of fighting men hereafter will bear the name of America's newest group of soldier-heroes—the Rangers.
11Where to write: Camera Shoppe, 2301 Classen Blvd., Oklahoma City. Films for the Army, 331 P. O. Bldg., Oklahoma City. Films for the Navy, Navy Recruiting, P. O. Bldg., Oklahoma City. Civilian Defense, R. E. Smith, Majestic Bldg., San Antonio, Texas. Agriculture Extension Service, A. & M. College, Stillwater; Extension Division, University of Oklahoma, Norman.
The 88th Division, stationed at Camp Gruber in the once outlaw-infested Cookson Hills, has changed its nickname from the Cloverleaf Division to the Ranger Division.
Colonel W. B. Augur, Division Chief of Staff, said the change was made in deference to American soldiers who fought with British commandoes and Canadian troops in the epochal raid on the French coast in the Dieppe sector. Augur said the idea of naming the division for the American commando troops—officially designated by European army headquarters as the Rangers—was suggested by Gen. J. E. Sloan.
"The troops that paid so heavily for the commando raid are entitled to immortality. I don't know a better way of recognizing the feats of our fellow soldiers in action. The name has been adopted for the 88th Division as indicative of the fighting spirit of the division," said Augur.12
Our effort, among other things, takes the form of a state committee that is trying to do some realistic planning for the safeguarding of our museums, historical societies, libraries, collections of records, the priceless treasures out of our past that help us to understand and interpret our civilization. It is known as the Committee on the Conservation of Cultural Resources.
The federal government believes that it is of national importance to make plans for safeguarding our cultural treasures. President Roosevelt's National Resources Planning Board set up a National Committee on the Conservation of Cultural Resources; and under this national committee every state in the Union has formed its own state committee.
Our culture draws upon and is enriched by material things preserved out of its past. They are resources just as truly as ore and soil and forests are resources. If our historical records were bombed and burned, if our libraries were destroyed, if our records of governmental activity in state and community were swept away, if our treasures of art and science, of painting and sculpture were forever lost, we should be infinitely poorer. We should have lost resources that can be turned into cultural richness in the life of our people. That would be a tragedy that would mark our life for generations. We need them both in war and in peace because they are a source of strength and of inner richness of spirit.
The initial appointments for this committee came from Washington, from the national committee, but the state committee is adding to its membership. It should be entirely representative of all interests in this field of our cultural resources.
The big challenge to us is to be aware of dangers and to make careful plans. We are not going to wait until we see enemy bombers in the sky. We will not indulge in wishful thinking that dan-
gers cannot hit us. Our problem is to make the state see the need for guarding its cultural treasures; to help institutions to meet the war emergency; to make known the best ideas from experience in other countries and in other parts of America; to ask the people of the state to protect historical treasures in the midst of salvage campaigns; to learn about places in which we may care for materials sent to us from coastal regions and the national capital; and in general to cooperate with the national government with all possible vigor.
The resources preserved in homes and institutions, in historical societies, libraries, museums, churches, organizations, the records of state and local government, war records, historical collections are without number and without price, and back of them is the whole history of our people. Our cultural resources are so rich that one can hardly measure them.
Those responsible themselves want and need the services of this committee which is a link between the national government and our communities. A lot of people forget; officials are under great stress in doing all they are called on to do; some people are careless; collecting campaigns are on everywhere, and there is danger of treating historical records as waste paper. We do not know what is coming in the future, but we had better plan against both bombings and sabotage. President Roosevelt knew what he was doing when he authorized the setting up of these state committees all over the country.
An alert attitude is needed. We need to know and use our historical societies, libraries, museums, art galleries, our arsenals of culture. These things are important to all of us. Our appreciation of them should deepen in time of danger. That will mean better spirit, better morale, better poise. Our citizens are asked to give their support and help to the work that the State Committee is attempting. All officials and all others should join in conserving our cultural resources, to avoid waste and to plan for the future. We should remember that in preserving our cultural resources we are doing something to preserve not only objects and things, but also the intangibles that they represent. What is at stake in this war is our cultural heritage. James Gray of the Saint Paul Dispatch said the other day that "We wish to be free so that our thinking and enjoying may be free"; and he suggested the fine idea of "exploring the heritage for which we fight." That is the spirit in which we are acting to conserve our cultural resources.13
The President of the Garfield County Historical Society, Dr. I. N. McCash, Enid, writes September 1, 1942, as follows:
13Adapted from an interview given by Dean Theodore C. Blegen, Graduate School, University of Minnesota and Chairman of the Minnesota Committee on the Conservation of Cultural Resources. WLB Broadcast, February 28, 1942.
The Garfield Historical Society is beginning to function and has held two regular meetings since organization. A permanent room in the old P. O. building has been secured, renovated and furnished.
The society has access to the library of the late George Rainey, for use of graduate students for theses material. Doctor H. G. Rooker, Profs. J. C. Lappin and Wilford Christopher constitute a supervisory committee of such research.
War records now being made in this county consist of copies of lists of all types of military men registered by the registration board of Garfield County. The society will supplement those lists by facts concerning casualties, disposal of bodies of our soldiers and deeds of heroism. Later it is expected honor rolls, tablets and monuments to them, will be devised.
Scrapbooks, pictures and current war literature are being filed. We hope to classify historic material as accumulated.
Dr. J. V. Frederick, Northwestern State College, Alva, Oklahoma, writes under date of October 31, 1942:
We held our annual meeting of the history section during the association of teachers of this district last week.
Dr. Frank Wadley was elected Chairman for next year; he is connected with the college as a teacher of European history and government. Miss Luella Harzman of Alva high school, history teacher, was elected Secretary.
Dr. E. E. Dale gave the address, entitled "Our Social Pioneers," in which he pictured the social customs of the colonials and those of Oklahoma pioneers. A goodly audience attended and enjoyed the program. To open it, the college boys' quartet sang two numbers.
In the discussion, the subject "Should the Teaching of History be changed during the War?," Dr. Dale led this and the opinion prevailed that history teaching should be continued as in the past because we needed to learn more about our enemies, our allies, and ourselves. We also pointed out the good use of local history and its collection, and mentioned the aid of the issues of The Chronicles of Oklahoma.
Mrs. S. I. Flournoy writes under date of October 5, 1942, as follows:
The members of the Research Committee of the Oklahoma City Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, as a patriotic project, are compiling scrap books containing the global war activities of Oklahoma men and women, as recorded in the daily papers.
We plan to present this to the Oklahoma Historical Society and feel that it will be a valuable addition their archives.
Mrs. Flournoy is Historian of this chapter and is also Chairman of the Committee. Other members are: Mrs. Snowden Parlette, Mrs. S. A. Clarkson, Mrs. Edwin Burch, Mrs. Harry T. Wyatt and Miss Mary E. McCray, who are assisted by Mrs. Charles G. Girvin and Mrs. Ernest Sullivan, Regent.
For last two years, the Ladies Auxiliary to the Veterans of Foreign Wars, Department of Oklahoma, have carried on a contest in the Junior High Schools (8th grade) known as the "Know Your Oklahoma" contest.
Maps of the State of Oklahoma have been mimeographed and sent to schools upon request. The Department of Oklahoma has given prizes for the most complete maps designated and locating historical points in Oklahoma. The first and second prizes are identical—being a bronze medal in a modernistic shape, having on the face of the medal the Seal of the State of Oklahoma and the words "V.F.W. Award." On the back of the medal is engraved "1st" or "2nd" as the case may be; then "History—1942". Beneath that is engraved the name of the winner.
The local Auxiliaries also award prizes to the first and second winners. The maps chosen locally for the prizes are then entered in the state contest.
The historical points on the map are usually designated by numerals; and the judging is based upon the following:
Historical accuracy - - 75 points
The children have taken quite a lot of interest in preparing maps for this contest in those schools where they have been sponsored.
During the last school year, the contest was carried on in practically all of the Junior High Schools in Oklahoma City. Some of the larger towns in Oklahoma also entering the contest were: Tulsa, Muskogee, McAlester, Sapulpa. Other schools entering were: Choctaw, Cushing, Okarche, the parochial schools in El Reno (Sacred Heart), Newcastle, and others.
The winner of the State first prize last school year was Alice Joyce Denning, Cushing, Oklahoma. She was an 8th grade pupil in the Sts. Peter and Paul Parochial School.
The winner of 2nd place was Carl Sneed, an 8th grade pupil in the Muskogee schools.
The contest is being sponsored again this year in the schools. It is suggested that the schools desiring to enter this contest should contact either the local Auxiliary or the Department Secretary, Miss Mabelle White, 1718 South Rockford, Tulsa, Oklahoma.14
At the 38th annual Encampment of the United Spanish War Veterans held at Ardmore May 31-June 2, 1942, the veterans elected:
Ralph B. Lowe, Blackwell, Department Commander
and the Auxiliary elected:
Mrs. Margaret McDaniel, Blackwell, President
At the 22nd annual Encampment of the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the U. S. held at Tulsa June 5-6-7, 19426, the veterans elected:
O. E. Stoner, Tulsa, Commander
and the Auxiliary elected
Mrs. Sarah Wood, Muskogee, President
The collections of the Oklahoma Historical Society were enriched recently when Dr. E. E. Dale presented autographed copies of his recent writings entitled, Cow Country; The Speech of the Frontier; The Cow Country in Transition and the manuscript of his article which appears in this issue of The Chronicles,16 and also when Mr. H. L. Muldrow gave the following books: The Baltimore Conference of Grand Masters by Arthur Francis Pimbley; The Constitution, Treaties and Laws of the Chickasaw Nation and The Chickasaw Nation: A Short Sketch of a Noble People, by James H. Malone. Other important gifts were maps of the old Oklahoma Territory (1891) and of the old Indian Territory showing the different Indian Nations and their locations, given by Mrs. John R. Williams, a recent file of The New York Times presented by Mr. Ralph Hudson, State Librarian and a collection of manuscripts and pictures given by Dr. Charles Evans.
Dr. Joseph Whitefield Scroggs, minister, educator and author, will be remembered as a colorful figure in the history of the Uni-
16presented as an address at the annual meeting of the Oklahoma Historical Society at Cordell, April 20, 1942.
versity of Oklahoma and the State. Coming here for the first time in 1879, he devoted a great many years to the growth and diffusion of knowledge throughout the state and to the promotion of public welfare in general. He is survived by three sons, Maurice D., Wendell and Dr. Schiller, and one daughter, Mrs. Gladys Hawthorne.
In 1875 Scroggs graduated from Lafayette College, Pennsylvaina, with the A. B. degree and entered upon a period of teaching and administration in the public schools of Missouri which lasted four years. He came to the Cherokee Nation in 1879 as a missionary educator and was soon thereafter ordained to the ministry of the Congregational Church. In the small town of Vinita in the Indian Territory he founded the Worchester Academy, was pastor of the Union Church, and was founder and editor of one of the first newspapers in the territory which was later to become Oklahoma. After an absence of twenty years, during which he was engaged in teaching in Arkansas and Kansas, he returned to the Territory in 1904 as professor of philosophy and education at Kingfisher College. In 1902, he had received the Doctor of Divinity degree from Washburn College of Topeka, Kansas, and he returned to receive his M. A. degree from Lafayette College in 1910.
During his years of teaching and preaching to the people of rural districts he became increasingly aware of a need for an extension education division in Oklahoma. It was while he was at Kingfisher that he launched his efforts toward the founding of an organization such as this, and in 1913 when he obtained from the legislature a $10,000 grant he came to the University of Oklahoma as co-director with Dr. A. C. Scott of the newly created extension division. In time he was recognized as one of the four leading university extension workers in the United States. He retired as head of the division in 1927, but continued to serve as editor of extension publications.
An unusually versatile man, Dr. Scroggs is recognized as one of the outstanding men in the history of education in Oklahoma, and the public services which he rendered are many and varied. He was, from 1930 until his death, secertary of the Oklahoma Foundation of Public Welfare, and it was he who organized the Oklahoma plan of community institutes. In addition to his participation in the activities of the Oklahoma Academy of Science, he was a member of the National University Extension Association, the National Academy of Visual Education, the American Academy of Political and Social Science, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Oklahoma Educational Association (an honorary life member), the Oklahoma Memorial Association, the American Spelling Reform Association and Phi Beta Kappa. He was author of various educational brochures and nineteen debate bulletins on current topics, as well as of Songs of Lafayette,
Oklahoma Community Songs, Complete Living, Problems of Personal Development, Cancellation of Inter-Allied Debts, etc.17
Canadian County paid final tribute to one of her earliest white citizens when memorial services were conducted August 28, 1942, at the Mennonite Church north of El Reno for Jacob Meschberger who came to the Mennonite Indian Mission at Darlington in 1882 sixty years ago. Meschberger is credited with planting the cottonwood trees at Darlington and the Oklahoma quail hatchery is now operated in the midst of the beautiful grove which he thus started. For nine years he taught farming to the Cheyenne and Arapahoe boys at the mission, while his wife served as seamtress at the mission for seven years. Mescherger also served as a freighter or "bullwhacker," having hauled freight from Caldwell, Kansas, to Cantonment and Darlington with ox teams. He was said to have planted the first wheat crop grown in the Chehokee strip. Meschberger was born at Berne, Indiana, and was 84 years, 9 months and 7 days of age at the time of his death.
Mr. and Mrs.. Meschberger were married at the Indian Mission at Cantonment 54 years ago, and a large celebration was held at their home four years ago on September 2, on the occasion of their golden wedding anniversary. They homesteaded seven miles north of El Reno in 1889 and resided there until 1923. After spending five years in California they returned to the present home east of Calumet.
The Mennonite school and mission building still stands about a quarter mile northeast of the group of building making up the present quail hatchery. It is a three-story brick structure.18
George F. Hillman, sixty-six year retired Indian Agency staff member, died at Muskogee on September 4, 1942. He was an authority on Indian education and served in that division for nearly forty years.19
Dr. Grant Foreman, Director of Historical Research, Oklahoma Historical Society, has been nominated for a Fellowship in the American Geographical Society in recognition of his writings in the field of geography and exploration.20
Former Brigadier General Raymond O. Barton, Ada, is now a Major General and is no stationed at Camp Gordon, Georgia.