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Chronicles of Oklahoma
Volume 4, No. 4
December, 1926
CAPTAIN NATHAN BOONE’S SURVEY
CREEK-CHEROKEE BOUNDARY LINE

Grant Foreman

Page 356

A treaty was made in 1826 with a faction of the Creek Tribe known as the McIntosh Creeks, adherents of that chief who was killed for signing the treaty the year before agreeing to removal, which was not ratified. The treaty of 1826 with these people provided for their removal to the West with a stipulation that they might settle on any lands that they selected, and the government would give it to them. These Indians sent an exploring party West who selected the rich bottom land adjacent to the junction of the Verdigris and Arkansas rivers and by the summer of 1828 nearly two thousand emigrants had cleared out, put in cultivation and occupied a considerable part of the valuable land. In 1828, Congress made a treaty with the Cherokee Indians living in Arkansas providing for their removal west, which expressly gave them the land on which the McIntosh Creeks were located. When the Cherokees began removing west there was much complaint and irritation and even threats of disorder growing out of the contention between the Creeks and Cherokees over this very desirable land. The Creeks were particularly contentious about it because they had in good faith expended their labor in improving and building their homes upon it. They petitioned the President to appoint a commission to come west and adjust their difficulties.

A commission was appointed composed of Governor Montford Stokes of North Carolina, Henry L. Ellsworth of Connecticut and John F. Schermerhorn of New York. They arrived at Fort Gibson in the winter of 1832 and immediately entered into negotiations with the Creeks and Cherokees for an adjustment of their troubles. These negotiations resulted in two treaties on February 14, 1833, one between the United States and the Creeks, and the other between the United States and the Cherokees. They made an adjustment of the dispute and the boundary was agreed upon and fixed running from the Canadian at the mouth of the North Fork to the Arkansas opposite the mouth of Grand River.

Captain Nathan Boone, a son of Daniel Boone, had ar-

Page 357

rived at Fort Gibson in December, 1832, in command of a company of Rangers. After the negotiation of the treaty, Boone was employed by the commissioners to run the boundary line between the Creek and Cherokee tribes which he did during March and April of 1833. Boone had had considerable experience as a surveyor in Missouri as far back as the early part of the century and if he had not been so overshadowed by the name of his father he would have been known as a famous woodsman. He was relied upon by the Government for most exacting service in connection with expeditions into the Indian country as he was known to have a profound knowledge of woodscraft and the geography of the southwestern frontier. The field notes made by him of the survey of the Creek-Cherokee boundary line copied herewith are on file in the Old Files Division of the Indian Office at Washington.

GRANT FOREMAN.

CREEKS AND CHEROKEES

Capt. Boone’s report of a survey of the boundary line between the Creek and Cherokee Indians, from the Mouth of the north fork of the Canadian River to a point on the South side of Arkansas, opposite the mouth of Grand River—with a map accompanying the same. Survey made agreeably to instructions received from the Commissioners of Indian Affairs West under Treaty with Creek Indians, February 14, 1833, at Fort Gibson.

Report received at Fort Gibson, April 17th, 1833.

H. S. STAMBAUGH,
Secretary Comm.

Page No. 1

Field Notes of a Survey of the boundary line between the Cherokee and Creek Tribes of Indians, agreeable to the late Treaty held at Fort Gibson—agreeable to the 2d article of said treaty.

Beginning on the north bank of the Canadian River and immediately where the north fork enters into the Canadian River, where planted a cedar post for the beginning corner from which a cottonwood 24 inches in diameter bears N 18 E 40 Links distant and a cottonwood 15 inches in diameter bears S 9 E 14 Links distant—Thence North

Page 358

Course and distance in miles chs lks  
  12 50 Struck the Canadian River where it runs N 20° W for about one Mile then turns N. E. The line pases down the Main channel of the River for nearly one Mile.
1 62   The line leaves the River—where the River runs nearly East.
2     Set a two Mile Rock on the South side of a Mountain.
2 40 00 Set a rock for 2 ⅛ mile from which a rock bears N 50 Links distant and a do bears South 50 Links distant
Land poor and rocky—timber oak.
3 00 00 Set a rock for three mile from which a rock bears N 50 Links distant and a do bears S 50 Links distant
Land poor and rocky Timber oak.
3 40 00 Set a rock for 3½ mile from which a rock bears S 50 Links distant and a do bears N 50 Links distant
Land level Soil thin Timber oak and hickory—April 3d, 1833.
4 00 00 Set a Rock for the four Mile corner as called by the Treaty from which a rock bears N 18° 18' E. 50 Links distant and a do bears south 50 Links distance—Land Rolling and thin Timber Oak and hickory
From this last mentioned corner run N 18° 18' E as found to be the true course of the line so as to Strilde a post one Mile from the south bank of the Arkansas River N 18° 18' E as called for by the late Treaty
4 40 00 Set a Rock on true line, for 4-½ miles from the place of beginning.
Land—this ½ mile mostly prarie coil 2d rate
5 00 00 Set a Rock for 5 Mile from where a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a Rock bears 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land—Rolling prarie soil good
5 40 00 Set a Rock for 5-½ Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links dist
and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links dist
;Land—part prarie and part Timbered oak and hickory—Soil good.

Page 359

Course and distance in miles chs lks  
6 00 00 Set a rock for sib Mile from which a rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links dist.
Land—Roling Soil 2d rate Timber oak and hickory
6 40 00 Set a Rock for 6-½ mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 100 links dist.
Land—Roling soil thin timber oak
7 00 00 Sot a Rock for 7 mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 100 Link dist and a Rock bears S 18° 18' W 48 Links distant—Land—Roling Soil thin
Timber oak & hickory—April 4th
7 40 00 Sot a Rock for 7-½ mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links dist
Land roling soil thin Timber oak
8 00 00 Set a Rock for 8 miles from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links dist
Land roling soil thin Timber oak
8 40 00 Set a Rock for 8-½ mile from which a rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling soil 2d Rate Timber oak and hickory
9 00 00 Set a Rock for 9 Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant—Land roling Soil good Timber oak & hickory
9 40 00 Sot a Rock for 9-½ Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 100 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling Soil good Timber oak & hickory
10 00 00 Sot a rock for 10 Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling Soil good Timber oak & hickory
10 40 00 Sot a rock for 10-½ Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling Soil thin Timber oak
11 00 00 Sot a rock for 11 mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land, Mostly prarie Soil poor & Rocky
11 40 00 Sot a rock for 11-½ Miles from which a Rock bears N 18° 18,' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling prairie Soil good.

Page 360

Course and distance in miles chs lks  
12 00 00 Sot a Rock for 12 Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling prarie Soil good
12 40 00 Sot a Rock for 12.½ Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land, Level Prarie, Soil good.
13 00 00 Sot a rock for 13 mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling prarie. Soil good.
13 40 00 Sot a Rock for 13-½ Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Lks distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling prairie Soil good
14 00 00 Set a rock for 14 mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' W 50 Links distant and a do hears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling prarie Soil good
14 40 00 Set a Rock for 14-½ mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50, Links distant and rock bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land roling prairie Soil good
14 40 00 Sot a rock for 14-½ mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling prarie Soil good
14 60 00 The Walnut fork of the Dardenne Crick Runs west 50 Links wide Runs west This stream is Surrounded with Prarie though the creek scirted with walnut & Elm Timber. April 5th, 1833.
15 00 00 Set a Rock for 15 Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Mostly prarie Soil good
15 40 00 Sot a Rock 15-½ Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distanand a do bears S 18° 18' E 50 Links distant
Land level prarie Soil good
16 00 00 Set a Rock for 16 Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling prarie Soil good
16 40 00 Set a Rock for 16-½ mile from which a rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W Links distant
Land level prarie Soil good

Page 361

Course and distance in miles chs lks  
17 00 00 Set a Rock for 17 miles from which a rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 links distant
Land, roling prarie Soil good
17 40 00 Set rock for 17-½ mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant a do brs S 18° 18' W 50 links distant
Land, the last 20 chain Timbered of oak & hickory Soil good
18 00 00 Sot a rock for 18 mile from which a rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 links distant
Land Roling Soil thin Timber oak
18 40 00 Set a Rock for 18-½ mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 links distant and do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land, Roling Soil thin Timber Black jack and oak
19 00 00 Set a Rock for 19 mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 links distant
Land Roling Soil thin Timber oak and hickery
19 40 00 Set a Rock for 19-½ mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W' 50 Links dist
Land broken and poor Timber oak
20 00 00 Sot a Rock for 20 miles from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links dist
Land broken Soil thin Timber oak & hickory
20 40 00 Set a rock for 20-½ mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18. 18 W 50 Links distant
Land broken Soil thin Timber oak
21 00 00 Set a stake for 21 mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18f E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
21 10 00 The Dardenne creek 50 links wide runs east April 6th
The last 20 chain low botom land
Soil good Timber oak & walnut
21 40 00 Set a Rock for 21-½ from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land level and wet Soil thin timber oak

Page 362

Course and distance in miles chs lks  
21 58 00 The North fork of the Dardenne 50 Links wide Runs east
22 00 00 Sot a rock for 22 mile from which a rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 links distant
Land level and wet Timber oak
Soil thin—April 7th
22 40 00 Set a rock for 22 ½ mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 100 distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land level and rich Timber oak walnut & hackberry
23 00 00 Set a rock for 2'3 Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links dist and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling prarie—Soil good
23 40 00 Set a rock for 23-½ mile from which a rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling Soil 2d Rate Timber oak & hickory
24 00 00 Set a Rock for 24 mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 links and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land roling Soil good Timber oak & hickory
24 40 00 Sot a rock for 24-½, mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E' 50 links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 links distant
Land roling prarie Soil good
25 00 00 Set a Rock for 25 mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distan
Land Roling prairie Soil thin
25 40 00 Set a Rock for 25-½ Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a Rock bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling prarie Soil good
26 00 00 Set a rock for 26 Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Rolling prarie Soil good
26 40 00 Set a Rock for 26—½ Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' El ',50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling prarie Soil good
27 00 00 Set a Rock for 27 Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land, high prarie Soil rich
27 40 00 Set a Rock for 27-½ mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant

Page 363

Course and distance in miles chs lks  
28 00 00 Set a Rock for 28 Miles from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land, Level prarie Soil good
28 40 00 Set a Rock for 28½ Mile from which a Rock bears N l8° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land, prarie of a good quality
29 00 00 Set a Rock for 29 Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 60 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 links distant
Land level prarie Soil good
29 40 00 Set a Rock for 29-½ mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 clinks distant
Land level prarie Soil good
30 00 00 Set a Rock for 30 mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links dist.
Land Roling prarie Soil good
30 40 00 Set a Rock for 30-½ Mile from which a Rock bears N 18' 18' E 50 Tanks distant and a do bears 8 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling prarie Soil good
31 00 00 Set a Rock for 31 mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50, links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 links dist
Land roling prarie Soil good
31 40 00 Set a Rock for 31-½, mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do brs S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land level prarie Soil good
31 67 50 To Six Mile Creek 40 links wide Runs east
this Creek is scirted with timber
April 8th
32 00 00 Set a Rock for 32 Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a Rock bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Mostly level prarie
32 40 00 Set a Rock for 32-½ Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S, 18° 18' W 50 Links dist
Land level prarie Soil good
33 00 00 Set a Rock for 33 mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W. 50, Links distant
Land, Roling prarie Soil good

Page 364

Course and distance in miles chs lks  
33 40 00 Set a Rock for 33-½ mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and another S 18° 18' West 50 Links distant
Land Roling Prarie Soil good
34 00 00 Set a Rock for 34 Miles from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Lks distant
Land Roling prarie Soil good
34 40 00 Set a Rock for 34-½ Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links dist
Land Roling prarie Soil good
35 00 00 Set a Rock for 35 Miles from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W' 50 Links distant
Land, Roling prarie Soil good
35 40 00 Set a rock for 35-½ mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling prarie Soil good
36 00 00 Set a Rock for 36 mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links. distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling prairie Soil good
36 40 00 Set a Rock for 36½ Mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant
Land Roling prarie Soil good
37 00 00 Set a Rock for 37 mile from which a Rock bears N 18° 18' E 50 Links distant and a do bears S 18° 18' W. 50 Links distant
Land Roling prarie Soil good
37 28 80 To a post Sott in the ground one Mile from the South bank of the Arkansas River where Sot a Rock from which a Rock bears N 53° E 50' Links distant and a Rock bears S 18° 18' W 50 Links distant Thence Running to a post on the South bank of the Arkansas River as Called for by the Late Treaty. This post was found to bear N 44° E from the post one Mile from the River—but Now when run areeable to the true Meridian it is found to bear N 53 E and run as follows
Mile
N53E
32
Ch
20
28
Lks
00
80
To the bank of the River Making
To the post on the South bank of the Arkansas River oposite the Mouth of the Grand River—making the Length of the Line from the Mouth of the North Fork of the Canadian to the Arkansas River 38-36/100 mile. April 9th, 1833

Page 365

I do certify that the foregoing field notes are correct and the Lines were marke and blazed agreeable to Instructions received from The Commissioners of Indian Affairs dated as Fort Gibson March 25th, 1833 and that I Commenced the Running of the afore mentioned Lines on the 28th of March & completed the Survey on 9 April, 1833

Nathan Noone [sic]
Capt. U. S. Rangers

Duplicate on file in office of Commissioners of Indian Affairs, Fort Gibson.

S. C. Stambaugh
City Comm.

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